نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانش آموخته دکتراى علوم سیاسى، دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران مرکزى
عنوان مقاله [English]
Relation narratives of transposition from the speech is one of the current issues in the field of art criticism and painting .some of the iconoclastic cultures translate speech to image more than other cultures. For this reason Christian artists have long history and considerable diversity in this field. Solomon ‘s judgment is one of the short narrative but very attractive that many prominent artists specially painters have paid attention to it and have devoted some of the most beautiful Christian painting works.These narrative has speech sufficiency for illustration and painting .In other words in addition to the advice in such narratives it is also very convenient especially for painting. The article intends to peruse some of the most prominent paintings of Solomon judgment with the theory of »imitation desire« of René Girard, the contemporary anthropologist and philosopher. This theory propound imitation of desire and how formation of violence and in solving the role sacrifice.
«imitation desire» is one of the reference theories for many analyzes of narratives and religious mythical and social-political competition. According to this theory the desire is not internal matter or completely internal but is formed following one the desire. Therefore, the desire of one person or group is imitated by the desire of another or others. This desire, which first begins as an imitation of a pattern, over time leads to the imitation and the pattern relationship becoming a competitive relationship between the two to obtain the desired object. According to this theory, desire is not internal or completely internal, but is formed following another desire. When competition intensifies, it becomes violence and the crisis begins. Because crisis means an unsolvable situation. According to Girard’s theory, the only way to prevent complete destruction of all need a sacrifice. The sacrifice of society transforms “all against all” into the society of “all against one” and leaves the crisis by sacrificing. Girard himself refers to the interpretation of the narrative, but has never criticized the paintings of this narrative with his theory. The subject of Solomon’s judging painted by prominent artists such as Vicar Jean-Baptiste, Paul Gustave Doré, Nicolas Poussin, Raffaello Sanzio, Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Gaspar de Crayer.