عنوان مقاله [English]
In the first valley of Homian Mountains area in the northwest of Kuhdasht Lorestan, there is a slate known as the Mehrdad Stone. There are more than 40 colored motifs in the bottom part of the stone slot in bright red, red-brown, black and yellow colors that each one drawn in a different style. This research aims to study these designs with similarities between the social life of the nomads of this region in the period after the Iron Age and it is assumed that certain motifs on the Mehrdad stone which likely show the movement of a number of humans and animals together represent the life and the humans migration in the past in this region. Due to sediments and natural factors, some of the patterns are completely destroyed and others are very damaged, but the patterns are red-brown with a special and vivid dynamics, which is probably due to the use of high quality paint. And some light red-brown designs on newer stone shells (which are also part of the land’s history) have failed to withstand natural disasters and now only Color shadows are seen.
Considering the red-dark brown motifs, it can be concluded that the image of several four-limbed animals is most likely domesticated, such as goats and dogs, along with images of humans riding camels and horses (perhaps donkeys or donkeys) with an animal sphere. And with a human on foot with a bow in his hand, a human on horseback and a spear in his hand hunting, and a human image on a two-humped camel holding a string that is attached to the mouth of another camel behind his head, and another image seems to be a string to the mouth. The camel is attached to the ground and shows... and seems to show a movement in complete peace. The movement of a group of people who bring dogs, goats and camels and is very similar to the movement of modern nomads of the people of this region, and this is if the designs of Mehrdad stone in mountainous areas with very poor living conditions In the past, due to the lack of industrial facilities, only nomads could live in this area, and today’s communities still use the nomadic system, and Resident villages also have a historical history of nomadism. In the region, there are many similarities between the life of the people of Homian valley and Mehrdad stone motifs. For example, some painted tools such as Malband are still popular among the people of that area. Shows us.In this article we attempt to completely document and describe the motifs and find the reason why these motifs should be designed to provide a better understanding of the colorful designs of the Homian Valley.
Rock Art, Pictographs, Kuhdasht, Homian, Sange Mehrdad.